Good Bye Dark Matter and Dark Energy… Say Hello to Co-varying Coupled Constants and “Tired Light”

Posted by Guy Pirro   03/17/2024 05:41PM

Good Bye Dark Matter and Dark Energy… Say Hello to Co-varying Coupled Constants and “Tired Light”

NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope has produced the deepest and sharpest infrared image of the distant universe to date, which may show that the universe is around 26.7 billion years rather than the commonly accepted 13.8 billion years. This image, known as Webb’s First Deep Field, shows that galaxy cluster SMACS 0723 is rich with detail. Thousands of galaxies—including the faintest objects ever observed in the infrared—have appeared in Webb’s view for the first time. The image shows the galaxy cluster SMACS 0723 as it appeared 4.6 billion years ago. The combined mass of this galaxy cluster acts as a gravitational lens, magnifying much more distant galaxies behind it. Webb’s Near-Infra Red Cam has brought those distant galaxies into sharp focus—they have tiny, faint structures that have never been seen before, including star clusters and diffuse features. (Image Credit: NASA, ESA, CSA, and STScI)


Good Bye Dark Matter and Dark Energy… Say Hello to Co-varying Coupled Constants and “Tired Light”

Throughout history, we have seen many examples where scientists have simply invented ideas out of thin air to help explain away things that are just not understood at the time. Such may be the case with today’s infatuation with Dark Matter and Dark Energy. A new University of Ottawa study challenges the current model of the Universe by showing that it has no room for Dark Matter or Dark Energy. The model combines two ideas — about how the forces of nature decrease over cosmic time and about light losing energy when it travels a long distance (Tired Light). In some ways, the concepts of Dark Matter and Dark Energy bring to mind another imaginary concept -- the so called "Aether Wind" of the 1800s. Back then, everybody just "knew" that space was filled with an "Aether Wind." The problem was that no one had ever seen it or measured it… And in 1887, when Albert Michelson and Edward Morley set out to prove the existence of Aether Wind once and for all, their experiment failed spectacularly -- There was no such thing. Michelson eventually won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1907 for this work and became the first American to do so. These ideas may or may not pan out, but at least researchers are seriously considering other alternatives.

In today’s cosmology, the term “dark matter” describes all that appears not to interact with light or the electromagnetic field, or that can only be explained through gravitational force. We can’t see it, nor do we know what it’s made of, but it helps us understand how galaxies, planets, and stars behave.

Rajendra Gupta, a physics professor at the University of Ottawa, used a combination of the Co-varying Coupling Constants (CCC) and Tired Light (TL) theories (the CCC+TL model) to reach this conclusion. This model combines two ideas — about how the forces of nature decrease over cosmic time and about light losing energy when it travels a long distance. It’s been tested and has been shown to match up with several observations, such as about how galaxies are spread out and how light from the early universe has evolved.

The discovery challenges the prevailing understanding of the universe, which suggests that roughly 27% of it is composed of dark matter and less than 5% of ordinary matter, the remaining being the dark energy. 

“The study's findings confirm that our previous work about the age of the universe being 26.7 billion years old has allowed us to discover that the universe does not require dark matter to exist,” explains Gupta. “In standard cosmology, the accelerated expansion of the universe is said to be caused by dark energy but is in fact due to the weakening forces of nature as it expands, not due to dark energy.”

“Redshifts” refer to when light is shifted toward the red part of the spectrum. The researcher analyzed data from recent papers on the distribution of galaxies at low redshifts and the angular size of the sound horizon in the literature at high redshift.


Dark Matter vs. Co-varying Coupled Constants (CCC)

Dirac predicted in 1937 the possible variation of the gravitational constant and other coupling constants. Since then, efforts have continued to determine such variations, but without success. Such efforts have focused on the variation of one constant while assuming all others are pegged to their currently measured values. It has been shown that the variations of the speed of light c, the gravitational constant G, the Planck constant h, and the Boltzmann constant k are interrelated as follows: G is related to c^3, which is related to h^3/2, which is related to k^3/2. Thus, constraining any one of the constants leads to inadvertently constraining all the others. It may not be possible to determine the variation of a constant without concurrently considering the variation of others. Several astrophysical observations have been explained recently with the concomitant variation of two or more constants.


Dark Energy vs. Tired Light (TL)

The recognition that the Universe is in a state of expansion is a milestone in modern astronomy and cosmology. The discovery dates from the early 1930s but was not unanimously accepted by either astronomers or physicists. The relativistic theory of the expanding Universe rested empirically on the redshift-distance law established by Edwin Hubble in 1929. However, although the theory offered a natural explanation of the observed galactic redshifts, these could be explained also on the assumption of a Static Universe. This was what Fritz Zwicky did when he introduced the idea of "tired light" in the fall of 1929. Hypotheses of a similar kind were proposed by several other scientists but their impact on mainstream astronomy and cosmology has been limited.


“There are several papers that question the existence of dark matter, but mine is the first one, to my knowledge, that eliminates its cosmological existence while being consistent with key cosmological observations that we have had time to confirm,” says Gupta.

By challenging the need for dark matter in the universe and providing evidence for a new cosmological model, this study opens up new avenues for exploring the fundamental properties of the universe.


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